Truck Cargo Insurance What is it?

Get to know all about the truck cargo insurance and its specifications in this article

Your shipment is vulnerable to risks during transit that could harm it or result in its loss. The carrier liability is typically insufficient to cover the value of the freight in the event that a shipment was lost at sea as a result of the container ship sinking. Your goods and your truck would both be lost in the event that your truck got in an accident.

Truck Cargo Insurance: What is it?

For this reason, it’s crucial to take cargo insurance into account. If your cargo is lost or damaged, it enables you to save time and money. Additionally, you will discover more about cargo insurance’s advantages, types, and coverage through this post.

You are shielded from financial loss as a result of damaged or lost cargo by cargo insurance. If a covered occurrence occurs to your freight, it pays you the sum for which you are insured. And the incidents that are typically covered by insurance are piracy, acts of war, cargo abandonment, automobile accidents, and natural disasters.

Furthermore, it differs from the carrier liability and insurance coverage often offered by specialised cargo and freight insurance companies, freight forwarders, agents, and major brokers.

What advantages does truck cargo insurance offer?

The main advantage of cargo insurance is that it helps you to reduce your financial loss. As your items leave your warehouse, the tiny investment (also known as the premium) you make gives you peace of mind.

Additionally, it offers your company the following benefits:

  • Your financial flow is shielded from unplanned interruptions
  • If it is covered, profits are still made.
  • efficient claims processing due to expert service
  • simplified loss reporting

When is truck cargo insurance necessary?

Even if it’s not required by law, it’s generally a good idea to purchase cargo insurance for your shipment.

As it passes through numerous hands, trucks, and ports, your freight is subject to a great deal of risk. In addition, there are outside variables like the climate and traffic. Therefore, it is more likely to be lost, stolen, or damaged the longer it is exposed to risk.

Also remember that even if the loader is held legally accountable, their liability limit is frequently lower than the cost of typical shipments. Only US$500 per package/shipping unit or the real worth of the goods, whichever is less, is the maximum liability for ocean freight carriers. The only amount that air freight carriers are responsible for is 19 SDR (about $24 USD) per kilogramme. Without any cargo or freight insurance, you could still sustain a large financial loss, according to these figures.

There are several circumstances, though, where it might not be necessary. It’s critical to review your contract’s incoterms because some of them relieve you of responsibility at specific moments during the shipping procedure. You can save money by determining the full scope of the contract so that you only pay for insurance as necessary.

Cargo Insurance Types

Land and marine cargo insurance are the two primary categories of cargo insurance (which also covers air cargo).

Insurance for land cargo

This kind of insurance covers cargo that is transported across land, such as that carried by trucks and compact utility vehicles. Theft, collusion harm, and other dangers related to land freight shipping are covered. Since its application is limited to within a nation’s borders, domestic cargo is another common usage for it.

Insurance for marine cargo

This kind is typically used for international shipment and covers both air and ocean freight. It includes damage from loading and unloading, weather, accidents, and other dangers that affect ships and aeroplanes.

Additionally, there are other types of marine cargo insurance coverage, which we’ll go over below.

Open protection

This covers freight for a set time frame (often a year), and one policy can cover many shipments. If you ship regularly, this is an effective tool for risk management. Additionally, it comes in two varieties:

Renewable. The policy is better appropriate for one-time journeys and voyages because it can be renewed once a shipment is delivered.
Permanent. The policy permits limitless shipments during that time and can be put into effect for a specific amount of time.


In some circumstances, the buyer is in charge of the insurance rather than the seller. Additionally, customers often refuse to accept damaged goods in order to avoid being held responsible. The seller has the option to seek legal assistance, but doing so is expensive and there is also a chance that he would lose the case.

This kind of policy is used by a seller even if the buyer neglected to insure the shipment in order to prevent further losses. Additionally, since the seller does not have to disclose its usage to the buyer, it is less expensive for them.

100% Risk

If the commodities are brand-new and not naturally prone to spoiling, damage, or loss, this category covers the majority of reasons of damaged or lost shipments.

But it leaves out the following factors:

  • Loss or damage brought on by divine actions (i.e. natural disasters)
  • War, strikes, riots, or other types of civil unrest-related loss or damage (WSRCC)
  • Importers and exporters’ negligence
  • Delays and rejections at customs
  • Unpaid products, whether the buyer doesn’t pay or the vendor doesn’t get the money
  • Without any particular average
  • Unless there is partial loss or damage as a result of stranding, sinking, burning, or collision, this type only
  • Covers catastrophic damage or loss to the cargo. In the event that his shipment is damaged or lost, the
  • The shipper is only responsible for a sizable amount of it.

Additionally, it includes risks not covered by an all-risk coverage insurance, such as:

  • Acts of God Interact
  • Unfavorable weather
  • Sinking \sDerailment
  • Theft

Cargo not delivered Average in general

This type only covers partial losses of your shipment and is a fundamental necessity for sea freight. It is founded on the idea that owners of all cargo on board a ship are responsible for covering all losses if any cargo is lost, destroyed, or thrown overboard as a result of an issue at sea. Even if your shipment is spared from the disaster, you still have to pay for the coverage of others.

Between warehouses

This kind of insurance protects the freight after it has been discharged from the ship and is en route to the customer’s warehouse. Even though it is being transported in the truck with other cargo, it solely pertains to your cargo.

What is not covered by truck cargo insurance?

The dangers and issues over which the shipper has considerable control are not covered by cargo insurance. In order to reduce the complexity that your freight may be harmed or lost, it is crucial to bear this in mind.

Policies generally disallow:

  • Damage brought on by poor packaging. The policy won’t cover you if any damage to your goods may be linked to poor freight packaging.
  • Damage brought on by defective goods. Certain technological devices, toxic materials, and other expensive or delicate things are not covered by all insurance companies.
  • A few transportation options. Some plans might only provide coverage for your freight while it’s in a truck, ship, or aeroplane.

How to assert yourself

Until proven differently, carriers are presumed not to be responsible for the loss or damage. they would also go to great lengths to minimise or completely circumvent them.

It is up to you to demonstrate that the loss or damage occurred while in their care or that they handled your shipment carelessly. And when you do so effectively, the insurance company agrees that your claim is valid and compensates you.

When filing a claim, you must additionally gather the following information regarding your shipment:

  • Catalog number. The quantity listed on the inventory list you received from your insurance company. If they don’t provide you an inventory list, you can ask for one.
  • The space where the item is. This relates to where your item was when it wasn’t packed.
  • Describe the item. List every aspect of the object you can think of, including its size, weight, visual cues, attachments, etc.
  • Damage. Specify what happened to your package and where the harm happened.
  • Date of purchase and item’s age. If you don’t have any production records, make an educated guess as to the item’s age and the date of purchase. Remember that used items would have a different age and purchase date.
  • Cost of the original and replacement. To calculate the replacement cost, properly record the original cost of the item and research the cost of a comparable item.
  • Claim sum. Only include the cost of fixing your item if your claim is for damage. Indicate the cost of your product or the amount listed in the inventory if your claim is for a loss. A proof of ownership or value may also be requested by the underwriter of your insurance policy.

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